Main Topic: Abortion and Maternal-Fetal Conflict
As established in the journal, abortion is considered as the removal expulsion of the termination of nonviable fetus-considered as a fetus that lacks the capacity to live outside a uterus. The scope emanating from this conflict, primarily between the fetus and women has significantly increased as the knowledge on the complexities of these relationships have grown. According to the findings of this study, the health behaviors and habits of mothers during their period of pregnancy may have adverse effects on their unborn children (Harold et al., 2013). This, therefore, raises a series of question as to whether women are obliged and required to change their behaviors in an effort to maximize the well-being of the fetus. This, therefore, leaves a lot to be desired, especially in determining if women should consume alcohol, smoke, maintain their emotional calm, and obtain prenatal care during this period, albeit raising some of the challenges evident in relation to this subject.
Key Ethical Principles and Concepts
In light of the conflict of rights, it is evidently revealed in the journal that the abortion query has no resolutions. As established in this book, philosophical ethics is adduced as an approach that obscures some of the complexities established in a problem on aspects that surround human life in relation to rights and wrong (Harold et al., 2013). Biologically, the tensions emanating between a pregnant woman and the fetus are obvious given the fact that opposing energies and interests originate from social points of view.
The issue of abortion has brought religious groups to the controversy of the public. Religious groups normally base their cases on the scripture or any other divine revelation which comprises of the church tradition. In some cases, the church prefers to use the philosophical arguments. These philosophical arguments are mostly based on the different human experiences.
It is important to consider the fact that not all unethical issues are regarded as objects of law. The law is continuously and directly concerned with the good of the public. The law seeks to control the behavior of the public when it is regarded as necessary or useful or required for the purpose of protecting human rights in the community (Harold et al., 2013). Whenever the law goes beyond the public knowledge, it becomes extremely unenforceable thus encouraging the public to disobedience of the law by the public. Granted some limits, the law becomes very effective and necessary in specifying and defining ambiguous social and moral problems.
Summary of case study
According to the case study, Jerry and Thomasina have concentrated on their carriers so much that they do not see any need for a family. This is evident in the instance where Thomasina aborts the unborn baby in an effort to secure a promotion at work Additionally, they are some of the highest earning families in the US and yet they still wish to build their own wealth; with a family that is strictly of a firstborn male child. Thus, this suggests that the weighty motive for an abortion by the couple is heavy. They are willingly to go beyond anything if their goals are not achieved. The first goal is to get a firstborn male child in the next three years. Additionally, the child should not come any time before three years’ elapses. If these two goals are not meant, it is an automatic abortion for them as demonstrated when Thomasina got pregnant three weeks prior to the scheduled time.
As suggested by Harold et al. (2013), there is no intellectual solution of the unborn baby’s status. This means that the society has not right, whatsoever, to interfere with the lives of the couple. Additionally, the society cannot make such crucial decisions for them.
The couple should consider the adoption factor. Since they are so fixed on time, they should get seek adoption services the time that they feel ready they want to start a bigger family. This is because the time of conception cannot be accurately be estimated. For instance, Thomasina got pregnant three weeks ahead of schedule. Thus, if they feel that the time is right for a baby, then they should adopt one.
- Harold W. Baillie, John McGeehan, Thomas M. Garret & Rosellen M. Garret (2013). Health Care Ethics: sixth edition. New Jersey: Pearson.