Abortion by definition involves the removal of a human fetus before it is capable of surviving outside the mother’s womb, the main classifications of abortion are either spontaneous; which occurs naturally without outside involvement or through inducing, which means with some medical assistance. In the year 1973, the American Supreme Court action towards legalizing have been raised ethical concerns that are two-prong: pro-life and pro-choice. With the former asserting that life is sacred, it’s only the giver of life tasked with the ultimate choice of taking or giving it, contemporary pro-lifers also have also exemplified the dangers and risks involved in abortion. The latter, categorize themselves as pro-choice, espouse the argument that choosing abortion is right, and decision for abortion ought not to be demeaned by religious or governmental authority and assert that an embryo or fetus has no capacity to claim a right to live.
There are 44 million abortions being carried out throughout the globe every year. More than a half of these performed unsafely. The cases of abortion have, however, reduced between the years 2003 and 2008. The decline in the abortion cases has been due to frequent education regarding birth control and family planning. As from the year 2008, 40 percent of women in the world have access to abortion that is legally induced. This is without restriction of any kind. However, there are situations where it comes to how far along in pregnant the process can be done.
The debate regarding the legalization of abortion has been taking place in different parts of the world for many years. Those who are in support of this issue state that the right of choosing abortion should be the right of a woman. This is paper try to exemplify the dividing line that abortion espouses in our contemporary society today, how one side of the divide proponents is suggesting it is up to the woman to decide whether she prefers to terminate her pregnancy with a legal propping from the state like the United States. With the other side opposing the action, calling it ungodly and a vice, the paper then tries to draw a line as to which side of the divide have arguments that indeed hold water.
Argument for pro-choice
The debate regarding the legalization of abortion has been taking place in different parts of the world for many years. Those who are in support of this issue state that the right of choosing abortion should be the right of a woman. This right should not be limited by religious authorities or the government. This group argues that is the women are denied the legal right of carrying out the abortion; they will, in turn, resort to the other methods, which usually unsafe or illegal if the legal option is not in place.
A researcher known as Rosen believes that the process of abortion should be legalized. He states that in most of the states in the United States, the statutes regarding abortion were passed like 100 years ago. This was when controlling many diseases was a problem, but currently the world has undergone many changes that controlling the diseases is very easy. This also applies to abortion. Pregnancy has become uncontrollable, and it is killing the expectant mothers. The women are dying due to healthy risks associated with pregnancy. The health risks are threatening their lives. Abortion can be carried out safely by some gynecologists due to advancement in medicine and the practice. The abortion process should be made legal to help reduce the risks faced by many mothers during the process of pregnancy. Many other states have liberalized the process. The others should follow the trend.
Argument for pro-choice
There are many reasons that may make a woman to carry out an illegal abortion. There are other women who have said they had to carry out the process due to personal circumstances. Such kind of women argued that they cared for the well-being of the children. By this, they meant that they could not provide for the children because of their living condition. There are other groups that said that they feared for the abnormality of the child. They had to go through for the process because the fetus has a serious abnormality. The serious abnormality may be physical or genetic. The cases of unsafe abortion are very high in countries that have strict laws restriction the process. A research carried out in the year 2011 on 1660 civil servants produced certain results regarding legalizing abortion and punishing the women who take part in the process of abortion (Faúndes et al., 2013). The difference in the answer given by the participants was very big. Many of the civil servants were against punishing women who take part in abortion. Sixty percent of the participants were against punishing the women who go for illegal abortion. When it came to legalizing the process of abortion, eighty-five of the civil servants stated that the process of abortion should be made to be legal. This was supported by many reasons, such as concerning the health of the pregnant women and doing what other countries are doing, that is, legalizing the process just like other countries or states.
In the United Kingdom, the government decided to reduce the illegal cases by legalizing the abortion. The women are allowed to undergo the process only before the 24 weeks of pregnancy. This will be allowed as long as there are certain criteria that are met. The laws regarding abortion that were passed cover Wales, Scotland, North Ireland, and England. The laws that were passed state that the process of abortion must be done in a specialist licensed clinic or a hospital. Before the act of abortion takes place, two doctors must sit down and agree that there will be no damage associated with the process of abortion to the person who is to undergo the process. The damage should not affect the mental or physical health of the woman. If the process is seen to cause damage to the mental and physical health, then it may not be done unless it threatens the life of the woman. There are rare cases that may allow the process to be taken after 24 weeks of pregnancy. Examples of these cases are when the pregnancy threatens the life of the woman. Abortion may be the option if there is a risk of the child being born with certain mental or physical disabilities. The process may be undertaken if the pregnancy creates a serious mental or physical risk to the pregnant woman.
Certain against the abortion. These groups have been and are still fighting very hard to ensure the process of abortion is abolished, and many women should deter from doing it. An example of these groups is the religious authorities, the Christian doctrine espouses life and believes in its sanctity, and deciding to carry out abortion is an act of committing murder. This is taking the life of a human. They say that abortion is in defiance of ideas that are commonly accepted relating to the profanity of human life.
There are other groups that believe that no society that is civilized should allow one person to harm the life of another person. Anyone who harms another person should be punished. They argue that this should also apply to abortion because it involves harming the life of a fetus. This group also argues there are other better alternatives compared to abortion. One of these alternatives is adoption. This the most viable option when compared to abortion, and it leads to the production of the same results. Many families in the U.S. that are after adopting a child. This is around 1.5 million. There is no term such as the unwanted child. The families want the children. Therefore, the women should give birth to the children and give them up for adoption. Abortion is also not the best option to for by the pregnant women because it can lead to some complications. The complications may occur during the process of later on in life. Some of the risks associated with abortion are doubling of ectopic pregnancy, high chances of miscarriage, and the high cases of the pelvic inflammatory disease.
There are other groups that believe that no society that is civilized should allow one person to harm the life of another person. Anyone who harms another person should be punished. They argue that this should also apply to abortion because it involves harming the life of a fetus. This group also argues there are other better alternatives compared to abortion. One of these alternatives is adoption. This the most viable option when compared to abortion and it leads to the production of the same results. Many families in the U.S. that are after adopting a child, this is around 1.5 million. There is no term such as the unwanted child. The families want the children. Therefore, the women should give birth to the children and give them up for adoption. Abortion is also not the best option to for by the pregnant women because it can lead to some complications. The complications may occur during the process of later on in life. Some of the risks associated with abortion are doubling of ectopic pregnancy, high chances of miscarriage, and the high cases of the inflammatory pelvic ailments.
Nonetheless, abortion is morally suspect and demeaning to the sanctity of human life. The risk involved among others includes; medical complications such as hemorrhaging, infection from used of unsafe tools to terminate the pregnancy, cases of incomplete abortion, sepsis, anesthesia, damaged cervix, endometritis, damage internal organs and in some cases eventual death. Emotional complications associated with abortion include among others Eating disorders, relationship problems, culpability, sexual dysfunction, depression, evocations of the abortion including grave thoughts of suicide, alcohol, and drug abuse.
Abortion is involves ending the pregnancy through forcing or removal of embryo or fetus out of the womb of a pregnant woman before it reaches the time for the fetus to survive on its self. Abortion can occur spontaneously without anyone doing anything. Such type of abortion is normally called a miscarriage. The process can also be caused to occur due to various purposes. This type of process is induced abortion. Unwanted pregnancy should ensure they prevent the process by having protected sex, using pills, or inserting ultra-uterine devices. Abortion should be legalized, and every woman should have the right of carrying it out. However, there should be proper training for women in place to reduce the rising cases related to the process, the government should also offer counseling services for distraught persons as a result of abortion, pro-choice groups should also take an active part in advising the young girls on implications associated with abortion.