The Taiping lost in the civil war for various reasons. First, the Taiping rebellion was inherently a peasant rebellion that was inept at general planning, politics and economics (History of China 2018). Apart from people who held leadership positions, a majority of the Taipings belonged low social class. Second, there Taipings were isolated (History of China 2018). Even less, they were foreigners just like the Manchus.
The Manchu were faced by the challenges that were associated with preservation that had been given to them as the ruling body despite their apparent minority. Third, the Taiping lost in the civil war because they did not have Chinse allies (History of China 2018). The ethnicity of the heavenly army of the Taiping was comprised of the racial minorities. This was principally made up of a subgroup called the Haka. Hong Xiuquan alongside the other Taipings belonged to the Hakka.
Fourth, the Taiping did not have Western allies (History of China 2018). The intervention of the British in support of the Manchu rulers against the Taiping rebellion was more of a calculated and deliberate move. In fact, the intervention followed soon after the ratification and consequent signing of the Treaty of Tientsin. This led to forced diplomatic and extensive commercial concessions from the government of Manchu in regards to the terms of the treaty.
Fifth, Qing bureaucrats were able to remain loyal (History of China 2018). During the Qing era, the civil servants were important all kinds of campaigns that were carried out by the military regardless of whether they are experienced or not. The high officials acted as links between the battlegrounds and the Peking. Lastly, the Taiping lost in the civil war because of the final signs that demonstrated the inability of Qing to rule (History of China 2018). Primarily, this led to the emergence of warlordism. The Taiping is regarded as the first major instance of what was described as the anti-Manchu sentiment that was characterized by the threatening of the stability of the Manchu dynasty.
- History of China. The Deadliest Rebellion in The World – The Taiping Rebellion – Part 2. YouTube. 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q7mjVKgxFZ0
- History of China. The Deadliest Rebellion in The World – The Taiping Rebellion – Part 1. YouTube. 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BNu62zecKyU