Samples IB Extended Extended Research Outline On Junk Food

Extended Research Outline On Junk Food

1013 words 4 page(s)

I. Introduction
A. Topic
1. The topic of the current research paper is junk food and its negative effects on human health. The primary research question is what are the true and objective health risks of junk food. The overall research process includes five research questions.

2. My working thesis is that it is much more productive not to make the consumers afraid of junk food negative consequences, but to offer a moderate and gradual changes in diet to improve their nutritional plans and health.

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B. Context/Background
1. The topic of junk food is important, because it has much deeper roots than it may seem. The problem is that the consumers often do not realize their own responsibility for the food choices. The food and beverage industry, in turn, are frequently not aware of their responsibility for marketing campaigns and scientific studies that do not tell the entire information about the effects the food could have on human health. Since today, people eat far more junk food than ever, they have to be aware of the consequences to be able to change eating habits.

2. Most provided evidence of the current research is science-based, and it confirms that junk food has several disastrous long-term effects on human health. However, it is also apparent that the consumers feel the pressure of negative ultimatums about junk food that ruins their health. The public should be aware that the efforts to get rid of junk food are usually unsuccessful, so that the moderate way to change eating habits is the best.

C. Audience
1. The primary audience of the current research paper is broad, because the issues of healthy nutrition and hazards of junk food are the common concerns today. The research is audience does not have particular age, gender, or social status, because eating junk food is a universal habit throughout the world now.

2. There is no need of the audience to share opinions and values that the current research strives to explain. The audience may be skeptical, because there is too much information about junk food and its hazardous effects. The audience is broad and includes those, who eat junk food regularly, those, who do not think junk food is so bad as the scientists say, and even those, who hate junk food and eat only fresh healthy products. The arguments, provided in the current research, are to be interesting and informative for all people.

II. Structure of Argument
A. Define the Problems
1. The research is based on five credible articles about junk food and its negative impact. All articles refer to contemporary science that relates to modern studies of junk food, its impact, and possible harm. Personal experience is also used to define the main problems and fears an ordinary consumer faces when using the information about junk food. The articles strive to confirm that junk food is harmful to people, although getting rid of it is not a solution.

2. I need to gather some research about the detailed statistics that discloses the effects of getting rid of junk food or eating healthier not getting rid of junk food. A comparative analysis of both ways to overcome negative consequences of eating junk food is needed to confirm the research results and to answer research questions in depth.

B. Define the Solutions
1. Boncinelli, Gerini, Pagnotta & Alfnes (2017) propose to use two ways to reduce junk food purchasing: placing taxes on this food and using warning labels. Lindner (2017) claims for gradual changes of eating habits that are far much successful for human health, than total exclusion of junk food. The angle of Lee (2012) is on the US hospitals that cannot offer only healthy food for the patients. Schillinger & Kearns (2017) criticizes WHO and its health recommendations for the amount of sugar intake per day, because it is higher than acceptable, so that junk food is about marketing. Thai, Serrano, Yaroch, Nebeling & Oh (2017) study adolescents that are fully dependent on advertising in their food choices. advertising.

2. I need to gather studies that compare healthy food advertising and junk food advertising, and how they affect broad audience in their food choices. Also, it is helpful to compare different health recommendations throughout the world in retrospective in relation to junk food eating and the most harmful products then and now. The influence of junk food advertising on adolescents is clear, but it is needed to know how adults and old react on this advertising as well.

III. Conclusion
A. The main achievement of my research project is demonstrating that a balance always prevails. There is no need to exclude junk food from a diet, since it is far less painful and far much effective to eat healthier eating junk food as well. The point is that frequency matters, so that junk food should be reduced, but not excluded. Balanced diet reduces fear and anxiety faced by the consumers because of harsh scientific opinions, threats, and too stereotypic views on junk food.

B. The questions about the current research projects include methodology, because I am not sure if my methods are the best. I recognize both the advantages and limitations of the study and have to work with a more complicated but organized structure. Writing process is not easy, because there are a lot of articles to analyze, and it is important to stand on my own arguments as a consumer.

  • Boncinelli, F., Gerini, F., Pagnotta, G., & Alfnes, F. (2017). Warning Labels on Junk Food: An Experimental Study. International Journal of Consumer Studies 41(1), 46-53.
  • Lee, J. (2012). Nourishing change. Partnership enlists dozens of hospitals to put healthier food on their menus and kick junk food out of the cafeteria. Modern Healthcare, 42(41), 6.
  • Lindner, L. (2017). Is There Such a Thing as ‘Junk Food’? Health Library: Evidence-Based Information.
  • Schillinger, D., & Kearns, C. (2017). Guidelines to Limit Added Sugar Intake: Junk Science or Junk Food? Annals of Internal Medicine, 166(4), 305-306.
  • Thai. C. L., Serrano, K. J., Yaroch, A. L., Nebeling, L., & Oh, A. (2017). Perceptions of Food advertising and Association with Consumption of Energy-Dense, Nutrient-Poor Foods among Adolescents in the United States: Results from a National Survey. Journal of Health Communication 22(8), 638-646.

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