The engineering profession requires the application of science, utilizing materials in nature, and good judgment for the benefit of the society. On its part, civil engineering is beneficial for everyday activities and problem-solving. Civil engineering focuses on planning, designing, managing construction, and operations.
Civil engineering is historically related to civilization. This relation is because civil engineering stemmed from man’s interactions and altering of the environment. For example, as people began to develop roads, bridges, safe buildings, power, gas pipelines, and other forms of civilization, all this is civil engineering. Civil engineering is core to human development because all institutions and sectors require a civil engineer. For example, public health cannot be achieved without an effective sewerage system that is achievable only through civil engineering.
Civil engineering is key to society’s infrastructure through its key disciplines that include water resources, surveying, and measurement, transportation, construction, environmental, geotechnical, and also structural.
Surveying and measurement are concerned with land boundaries and surveys, deciding construction layouts such as roads, and also mapping out specific routes. Water resources engineering focuses on water supply systems such as pumps systems and reservoirs, management of storm waters such as during floods, and systems like erosion control. Transport engineering deals with the planning, designing, as well as operation of roads, railway systems, airports, and mass transit processes. Environmental engineering plans and operates systems for drinking water amenities, waste management such as sewage systems, air pollution management systems, and recovery of contaminated resources. Further, geotechnical engineering explores development and design of soil and rock organization including tunnels and levees and foundation such as building, highways, and bridges. Construction Engineering strives to create designs and blueprints from paper and developing methods for doing work. Finally structural engineering centers of all types of building bridges, dams, construction, and even power plants.
In this way, civil engineering is all about design, development, and operations in various sectors of the society. Civil engineers work on different interesting projects to make the society better.