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Origin of Species Book Report

907 words 4 page(s)

In his book, On the Origin of Species, Charles Darwin cements his legacy as one of the most important and influential scientific thinkers of his time. Darwin’s work was groundbreaking, and his style was both controversial and capable of communicating something meaningful to the average man. In this particular book, Darwin lays out the foundation for evolutionary biology. Though others have expanded upon his theories, he was the first to touch on the topic, and in doing so, he established the scientific protocol by which others would later evaluate the development of various species. His work continues to inspire further work and research for students and interested parties of all ages.

At the heart of this book is Darwin’s then-controversial finding that different species evolve over time through a complex biological process called natural selection. Though this is a familiar phrase and concept now, it challenged the pre-conceived notions of the people who operated in intellectual spheres when Darwin was studying. He argued in the book for the existence of common ancestry between species. According to Darwin, a branching pattern of evolution explains the biological diversity that one can find when one analyzes life. Though Darwin is often given credit for very specific ideas with very narrow applications, much of his work was theoretical and thus very broad. In this work, he is outlining some of his initial findings, and this lends itself to a much broader sort of scientific analysis than one might have otherwise expected of Darwin.

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Because Darwin was both a skilled and experienced biological researcher, his book is backed up by evidence pulled from a number of different ventures. It relies in large part on the data that he acquired while on his famed “Beagle Expedition.” While on this scientific journey, Darwin began to sharpen and shape his ideas. More than that, though, Darwin expanded his knowledge base with later research and observation. He includes the findings of his later research in order to make this book stronger and more authoritative. On top of those things, Darwin discusses some of the things that he learned in correspondence with many of the prominent scientists of his day. Darwin was active in the biological community. This gave him both a broad voice and a unique perspective shaped by conversations with people who also spent their time thinking about these important issues. By using so many different sources to support his opinions, Darwin made this work more meaningful than it might have otherwise been without this support. The book, too, was one that could be understood and digested by the average person. He wrote for people who did not have the scientific knowledge that he had, and this can explain the large-scale success and influence that this book had at the time of publication and the respect that it maintains today.

Darwin’s book relates to biology on nearly every level. With his research and writing, Darwin helped to change the way people understood biology and the development of species. He dealt extensively with the way things grow and develop. His ideas dealt with patterns in species development over the course of many years. He offered explanations for why certain organisms had traits and qualities that some might have considered to be strange or odd. In addition to offering answers, Darwin’s book poses many questions, too. As a highly inquisitive scientist, Darwin was always willing to leave the door open to the next person. His work relates to biology by providing future biologists with something to study. Though his work provided the framework for understanding, it was hardly complete. Rather, it was the kind of work designed to offer explanations of the most important kind.

This work is ground-breaking and before its time in many meaningful ways. Darwin seemed to understand this when writing, as well. While some classic and important books of the past do not seem to have a contextual understanding of their place, this was not the case with Darwin. Rather, he seemed to recognize that his book could change the way the average person thought about humankind and its development. He was highly skilled at bringing a difficult topic down into simple ideas that any person could understand. When one dives further into trait selection and the more involved parts of Darwin’s theory, one finds that his work is not at all easy. He made it seem that way, though, drilling his work down into the concepts of natural selection and genetic development. By doing this and not falling into the trap of including too much complex language, Darwin was able to ensure that his book could have a wide-scale impact on his contemporaries and those to come.

While this work is often credited with sparking a revolution, it is important to note that this book only served as the foundation for more work to come. This is the nature of science, as later research must build upon early research in order for the planet to move forward. When looks back on Darwin’s work, one can see that his findings were relatively basic compared to what has been discovered today. He must evaluated in context, though, and given the knowledge base that he was working with when writing this book, his work true was revolutionary. It was so doctrinally sound and well-researched that it has remained a critical piece of reading for interested biology students even today.