In human beings, the sense of sight is one of the most potent aspects that is useful for the day-to-day operations of an individual. Usually, in the clinical setting, patients often seek solutions to the medical complications affecting the eye. Orbital Cellulitis refers to a medical condition where microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, viruses attack the soft tissues in the posterior section of the orbital septum. On the other hand, periorbital cellulitis is characterized by the microbial attack that targets the soft muscles located in the anterior region of the orbital septum (Lim et al., 2016). Orbital cellulitis inflicts serious health complications to patients as 11% of those attacked by this health condition lose their vision (Yen & Johnson, 2018).
Additionally, is worthwhile noting that the two eye conditions are common amongst children. However, the preseptal (periorbital) cellulitis has a high incidence rate compared to orbital cellulitis. As a result, this paper would examine the two critical eye condition which is the Orbital Cellulitis and Periorbital cellulitis. The paper also explains the diagnostic mechanism as well as the clinical practices that are effective for the management of continuum. Fundamentally, the orbital cellulitis often originates in the inner region of the orbital septum.
The periorbital cellulitis disease is also referred to as preseptal cellulitis. This disease always develops as a result of the adjacent spread of pathogens from eyelid as well as local facial injuries. Moreover, the two situations due to an animal or insect bite, sinusitis, conjunctivitis, or chalazion (Lim et al., 2016). On the contrary, orbital cellulitis in most cases is caused by the infection in the ethmoid sinus. The causative pathogens for the two eye infections vary depending on both patients’ age and etiology. The sinus infection is often associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae while Staphylococcus pyrogens and S. aureus are the common pathogens in the local trauma infections (Lim et al., 2016). Additionally, in the immunocompromised patients, fungi are the causative agents for orbital cellulitis. For children aged 15 years and above, the orbital infections are due to polymicrobial activities whereas for those having nine years and below, the disease is due to single microbial activity (Yen & Johnson, 2018).
Pathophysiology, Risk Factors, and Epidemiology
This section would entail the information regarding the pathophysiology and the epidemiology as well as risk factors of the continuum.
The information pertaining the clinical assessment used in an evaluation of continuum would be availed in this part.
Three principal differential diagnoses of orbital and periorbital cellulitis would be discussed in this section.
This section will contain diagnostic studies as well as lab test to ascertain the diagnosis.
Treatment and Prevention
This part would include the preventive measures and treatment options that can be used to curb the continuum. This will be helpful since we will try to cover some of the past, current and future curative and preventive measures that have succeeded or failed in treating the ailments.
The patient informative and educative programs that apply to the continuum will be included in this section. All will based in a clinical setup and principles as stated in the continuum.
The other sections that will be discussed include:
Effective Practices for the Best Outcomes
Here we will explore some of the practices and measures which can be taken to prevent or cure the condition.
This will cover a summary of the entire report and key ideas explored in a concise and vivid manner. We will also propose future studies and achievements concerning the two ailments. Note that the information in this paper would be sourced from these three sources.
- Lim, L. T., Miller, D., Ah-Kee, E. Y., & Ferguson, A. (2016). Preseptal Cellulitis or Orbital Cellulitis? West Indian Medical Journal, 65(2).
- Pakdaman, M. N., Sepahdari, A. R., & Elkhamary, S. M. (2014). Orbital inflammatory disease: Pictorial review and differential diagnosis. World journal of radiology, 6(4), 106.
- Yen, M. T., & Johnson, T. E. (2018). Orbital cellulitis and periorbital infections. Cham: Springer.