Samples Philosophy

Philosophy Essays

Representational realism is one of the most important philosophical theories having emerged from Enlightenment thinking. It provides a means by which the differences between subjective and objective perception can be explained. For the philosopher John Locke, it was a viewpoint that an individual’s sensory perception represents objects that exist in...

807 words 3 page(s)

Decartes’ “Discourse on the Method (Part IV) discusses how Decartes sees truths as well as his methods for arriving at truths. Many consider this part of “Discourse on the Method” to be the most significant part of the work. He opens (Part IV) by discounting everything of which he is...

312 words 2 page(s)

After the defeat of Napoleon, Russia was firmly entrenched on the international scene as a world power. Although still considered to be rural and rather backward compared to the other members of the Holy Alliance, Russia had begun a shift towards Westernization during the reigns of Peter and Catherine the...

309 words 2 page(s)

Background Yamas along with the complementary Niyamas are the Hindu and Yoga philosophies of right living. They serve as ethical rules, moral imperatives, and goals. In particular, Yamas is a list of things that people should not do according to Hinduism. This way, these spiritual philosophies assume self-control and discipline....

652 words 3 page(s)

Introduction As humanity has evolved since the days of Plato and Aristotle, a vast array of political systems have been identified, many of them altered within the processes of the nations holding to them. For example, the originally strict form of Monarchy in England was shaped into something more resembling...

1430 words 5 page(s)

What does it mean to doubt? For Descartes, it is a rigorous philosophical method. To doubt means: to not merely accept the beliefs systems, the social normativities, the prejudices and the presuppositions with which we are all faced. At the same time, doubt means that we have to reject what...

963 words 4 page(s)

Thomas Hobbes, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Karl Marx were each concerned with the same problem: What was the best form of government for men to live under? Each philosopher believed in a different distribution of power. Figuring out the answer to this problem was crucial for those concerned with...

673 words 3 page(s)

To begin with, in Phenomenology of Spirt, Hegel analyses the concept of “self-consciousness” after explaining consciousness in general. Throughout the text, he explains his position on how we develop “self-consciousness”, highlighting that in order to be conscious of an object, one has to be aware of one’s own self as...

903 words 4 page(s)

The following paper examines critiques and contrasts the differences between Plato’s Timaeus Aristotle’s On the Heaven and Lucretius’s On The Nature of Things. All of these texts are comprised of a cosmological treaty of sorts which draws from observations on the nature of the universe. Both Plato and Aristotle translated...

775 words 3 page(s)

I chose to respond to the text written by Bertrand Russell, The Value of Philosophy. I found that Russell’s writing style was clear and simple. Unlike some of the other texts, I felt as though I came away with answers rather than more questions after reading Russell. Russell argues that:...

921 words 4 page(s)

Hegel’s argument that the root of human suffering is found within man’s inability to accept the human reality is grounded in the concept that mankind continuously feels the need and responsibility to exert one’s free will, alienation, and the pursuit to end history through reaching a pure form and the...

558 words 2 page(s)

“The Phenomenology of Spirit’ written by an outstanding German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is an important work which reflects the complex system of Hegel’s views concerning the structure and the main peculiarities of conscience from the point of view of philosophy. In this work the philosopher develops his unique...

797 words 3 page(s)

1) In general, I would say that I agree with Russell's conclusion, although I would seek to question its validity or its usefulness. According to Russell's reasoning, it is only possible to truly understand the world as it appears to our senses and to our intellectual faculties which are inherently...

1160 words 4 page(s)

Free will has long been sought after by the general public and philosophers alike. “Free Will” as a philosophical term describes one’s ability to make choices based on a plethora of choices. Almost every philosopher has had an opinion on just how much free will an individual truly has, with...

1025 words 4 page(s)

In the Theaetetus, Plato speaks on theories of knowledge using a dialogue fashion. In his discussion, Plato concentrates on the many methods learning can be done to further exemplify the definition of knowledge. Plato includes the use of Socrates, the philosopher, Theodorus, a wise friend and a sage, Theaetetus, whom...

958 words 4 page(s)

Plato’s Socrates asks questions that make both Phaedrus and the reader think deeper into who they are and what they are about. Plato allows the student in Phaedrus and the audience to question the soul and what love is to a person. In section 237b the boy’s crafty lover makes...

803 words 3 page(s)

As Plato defines and describes, justice in the soul to be in harmony within oneself. Plato says that “in order for a soul to stay in a just path it must have some sort of hierarchy.” The soul of humans is divided into the appetitive, spirited and rational. The spirited...

342 words 2 page(s)

Among the principle issues impacting metaphysics and its subdivisions (religion, philosophy, spirituality, and science), are the notions of identity and change; free will; the nature of the mind, and the nature of time. Because metaphysics is dealing with concepts and notions that extend beyond reality, this philosophical discipline will force...

546 words 2 page(s)

One of Rene Descartes most often quoted sayings regards what it means to be a real seeker of the truth, and is likewise quoted as stating “cogito ergo sum” which translates to “I think, therefore I am.” The issue with society today is that there is not much thinking going...

1258 words 5 page(s)

I find that the debate over time travel along with the corresponding implications upon the definition of self and my mind is mind-boggling. I have wondered about the grandfather paradox, and causal loops since I was a child. I think every human has an innate infatuation with the idea of...

600 words 3 page(s)

When constructing his foundation of knowledge, there are two separate arguments used by Descartes to prove the existence of God. There is some irony in this sense he had claimed formerly that educated men as well as all of the philosophers that had come before him had only been able...

974 words 4 page(s)

Abstract This essay will examine the ideas of philosopher Descartes on the topic of doubt and certainty, taken from his work in The Meditations. It will investigate things that Descartes initially perceived with the least amount of doubt and look at them in further detail to understand how these things...

905 words 4 page(s)

Man: I, believe that I cannot be happy without material wealth. I need lots of money to meet all my needs. Socrates: I do not contend the fact that money is important..as a matter of fact I do concur that money is extremely crucial. My only argument is whether this...

587 words 2 page(s)

It is with great commitment to this organization that I explicitly explain my leadership philosophy and the values that I intend to exhibit within my role as a leader. I will also outline the expectations of others within this organization and how those expectations will be evaluated. First and foremost,...

469 words 2 page(s)

The ethical theory of Stoicism is characterized by its insistence on moral righteousness and responsibility. Stoicism espouses belief in a singular God who created everything in the world, and that this God originates not only events in the past, but also events in the future. Given this belief in God,...

538 words 2 page(s)