Love is the everlasting theme, which has been characterized by such a large number of individuals in a variety of courses. Robert Sternberg’s The Triangular Theory of Love, proposed in 1986 is one of the most famous researches dedicated to the topic of love.
The psychologists Robert Sternberg defines three components of love, which are Intimacy, Passion and Love. So, let us move on characterizing them.
Intimacy is the desire for closeness; it is the point at which you converse with somebody, offer thoughts, dreams; you feel that you are fully seen by other individual.
The second component is Passion. The fundamental definition refers to having sexual relations or physical affections for somebody. It is permanent desire, which includes physical fascination, sexual arousal, and other sorts of extraordinary passionate emotions.
Commitment is the last component. Commitment is characterized as the fundamental choice to love or be with an individual, and further maintenance of the love over any time-line.
Thus, triangle of love is built upon these three – Intimacy, Passion and Commitment. As indicated in the Theory, different blends of the components parts are able to portray all the love forms that exist on the planet. Therefore, there are eighth different kinds of love: Nonlove (almost absence of all three components); Liking (high rate of Intimacy only but no passion or commitment); Infatuated Love (feeling of Passion only); Empty Love (feeling of Commitment only); Romantic Love (bond of Intimacy and Passion, absence of Commitment); Companionate Love ( bond of Intimacy and Commitment, no Passion); Fatuous Love (Passion and Commitment only); and Consummate Love (all three components bond together).
A minor point of Sternberg’s Theory of Love is that it neglects to go into insights of defined love types; we cannot observe the courses love types follow. This is especially obvious when I am utilizing the Triangular Theory of Love to consider any love connections happened throughout my life.
P.S. for better visualization you may use charts (example)
- Sternberg, R. (1986), A Triangular Theory of Love, Psychological Review
- Sternberg, R. & Gracek, S. (1984), The Nature of Love, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology