Climate change in 2007 was the most drastic illustration that in 21st century environmental issues are well beyond the jurisdiction of solving them at a nationwide level. In the last four decades environmental problems were apprehended for example the pollutions of lakes and rivers and the disappearing of a forest. Looking at this and more conflicts concludes that we have to work with our nation neighbor in order to develop environments agreements. Having to say that international relations affect environmental solving because if some nations moves and other do not the free right principal will become a problem. Agreements make it very difficult for nations to commit when having different targets. As we look forward to the future in an environmental aspect we have to answer the question of how are we going to work together? This is because, climate change by its nature, is a global issue where responsibilities are challenging to attribute and where the activities of a single country can affect distant regions across the world. Therefore, alleviating global climate can be achieved resourcefully through international collaboration and dedication.
For the last decade, governments across the world have been engaging to bring the issue of global climate change into the public policy process. Initially, nations were concerned in addressing the issue at a local level, but in a broad sense, climate change extends beyond borders to include several other countries across the globe, hence, need to work across national boundaries to develop a kind of environmental agreement that binds nations together. International cooperation is an absolute pre-condition to handle the issue of climate change. Since 2004, a number of agreements or rather treaties have signed regarding the issue of global climate. However, making such agreements without accountability and commitment make it challenging for nations to commit to achieve specific objectives (Coninck).
One of the most important areas the world need to work in the coming years is concerning the use of effective global multi-natural environmental cooperation and the system of governance. Since 2004, a number of agreements or rather treaties have signed regarding the issue of global climate. However, the world needs to learn lessons from the ineffectiveness of making such agreements without accountability and commitment make it challenging for nations to commit to achieve specific objectives. One of the most successful agreements such as the Montreal Protocol and ozone depleting substances had the ingredients of encouraging science driven decision making, and the willingness of the industrialized countries to assist the developing countries to phase out the ozone depleting substances. Under a collaborative international approach, combining such initiatives together, countries can find a single element that to handle the issue of global climate change. Therefore, nations need to determine the effective governance methods to handle the issue of global climate change and the various ingredients required to ensure that there is successful international governance action to curb the increasing threats of global climate change (Coninck).
Globally, countries need to understand the fundamental principles of synergy and coherence. Already, there are several multi-natural environment agreements in some regions and also globally, and various environmental instruments. Most of these environmental agreements and instruments typically operate parallel or sometimes independent from each other. Therefore, there is need to encourage some coherence and collaboration especially among the developing nations to gain support for financing and capacity building that will enable them to be in the right path to curb global climate change. In addition, the United Nations, through its environmental body, UNEP, should take the leading role in mobilizing its members to support the various environmental conservation initiatives and activities meant to mitigate global climate change. It should ensure that there is not gap between developed and developing nations in handling the issue of climate (Coninck). All countries should be commit their resources and support the various approaches agreed collectively by member states.
- Coninck, Heleen. Designing institutions for climate change: Why rational design involves technology. Amsterdam Conference on Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change, 2007