There are several different types of crime against person and property. Crimes against person involve a human victim, which generally includes violent crimes such as rape, murder, and assault. Crimes against property are crimes in which there is no physical harm against a person, but can lead to significant damage against property that is owned by an individual. These are more typically crimes that involve attempting to obtain money (Freilich et al., 2014).
Crimes against property include crimes such as robbery, bribery, and burglary (Freilich et al., 2014). The difference between the two crimes is generally the end goal of committing the crime, with crimes against the person being to cause physical harm to an individual and crimes against property typically involving crimes which lead to financial gain. An additional category of crimes against society has also been classified, and typically involves drug and prostitution-related crimes.
Uniform Crime Reports are detailed data reports on crimes that have occurred in the United States. They are designed to give insight into the statistical analysis and reporting of crimes, and are compiled from nationwide data that is collected as a result of cooperation between 18,000 law enforcement agencies that include city, state, and university-based operations (Clinard et al., 2014). The information collected and analysed in the Uniform Crime Reports is collated into two categories, Part I and Part II. Part I relates to crimes that generally have more severe punishments.
Within this category, there is further distinction between violent crimes and property crimes. Rape, murder, and robbery are classified as part I crimes against person, whilst arson and burglary are property crimes (Clinard et al., 2014). Part II is used for detailing crimes with less severe crimes and relates to simple assault, forgery, drug offenses, vandalism, and weapons offenses (Douglas et al., 2013).