China is in the midst of a dramatic economic, social, political and diplomatic change. These transitions have profound repercussions for the changing world order. They also impose new obligations on China, as the country is struggling to maintain stability and pursue continuous growth. The current political and international climate creates new challenges, and China is in a position to face them with dignity, while taking into account its national political, diplomatic and socioeconomic priorities. Simultaneously, the growing role played by China in redesigning and improving the efficiency of global governance institutions will also have implications for how the country negotiates its global and national objectives (Morton 2017; Yi 2017).
The decisions made in this simulation were based on a thorough analysis of the broad diplomatic environment in which contemporary China is bound to operate. On the one hand, it is the process of building new and reinforcing the existing connections with partner countries (Baviera 2017). On the other hand, it is the growing scope of transnational challenges such as terrorism and crime (Morton 2017). It is also the threat of instability coming from the Korean peninsula (Yi 2017). China cannot reasonably secure itself from these global and transnational risks. The country is standing at crossroads, and a robust Action Plan will outline the key steps that China will make to accomplish its objectives in the safest and most diplomatic manner. Among others, HIV and AIDS represent a source of continuous concerns for the people of China. This is one of the top global and diplomatic issues that need to be addressed. A comprehensive Action Plan should incorporate HIV/AIDS prevention considerations that will empower the people of China to address its transnational threat more consistently.
Negotiation Objectives and Tactics
Present-day China is open to discussions and negotiations in the most problematic areas. The country recognizes the need for developing a strong and mutually agreed Plan of Action that will be fair and transparent to all stakeholders. The main negotiation objective is to create a roadmap for achieving the stated purpose – peace, stability, health and effective prevention of HIV/AIDS in China. Another objective is to balance competing priorities and ensure that sufficient resources are in place to facilitate the implementation of the selected diplomatic initiatives.
In no way will China use any aggressive negotiation tactics. On the contrary, the basic intent of such negotiations is to give voice to diverse stakeholders and achieve a reasonable consensus with them on the most problematic implementation milestones. After all, the “primary task of strategic diplomacy is to adapt to the changing contours of the world order” (Acharya, 2017, p. 3). This is why the Action Plan is designed – to promote flexibility and adaptability and, at the same time, make China less vulnerable to the current and future transnational and diplomacy risks.
China stands on a position that communication and interdependence are the critical factors behind its continued economic, political, and diplomatic successes. Such interdependence has become much more extensive and far-reaching than ten or twenty years ago (Acharya, 2017). Therefore, the country will employ a consensus-seeking negotiation tactics, by allowing all stakeholders to provide their input and choose the most optimal, preferably a win-win solution. China recognizes the difficulties it may encounter in its striving to find the best solution for everyone. However, this negotiation tactics fits ideally in the present-day context, where changes in governance architectures open new venues for the emergence of multiple diplomacy players and leave little room for any regional or national hegemony (Acharya, 2017). Thus, it is the right time for China to open itself to others and hear what stakeholders have to say about the major issues facing it in the 21st century.
Evaluation of the Final Outcome of the Simulation
This simulation was designed to help countries like China test their diplomatic capability and reach a reasonable consensus in the key policy priority areas. It was a difficult but no less interesting exercise that uncovered the strengths and deficiencies of being a large state in a world with fluid boundaries and changing power hierarchies. It is a new stage of development for China, when the principles of diplomacy and negotiation that were relevant in the past become obsolete. It is also the time of new challenges, which demand the implementation of more advanced negotiation and diplomatic techniques.
The final outcomes of the simulation are two-fold. On the one hand, the simulation has provided valuable opportunities for revisiting the current position of China in the world, reconsidering the main transnational issues it is facing, and proposing an action plan and negotiating tactics that would suit its context and strategic purpose. The process was a reward in itself. The learning that was provided through it will certainly inform future efforts in this field.
On the other hand, even the best Action Plan will need to be continuously updated to meet the changing transnational demands. The issue of HIV/AIDS is just one example of how countries like China will have to redirect their strategic efforts and decisions if they want to protect themselves from the emerging challenges. Apparently, it is time for former hegemonies to acknowledge that the world has become too multidimensional. This multidimensionality warrants the use of novel negotiation tactics. The world is setting new demands and redesigns diplomacy priorities for the most advanced states, including China. However, it also requires that countries stay alert of the transnational issues that may alter the nature and complexity of their diplomatic campaigns.
- Acharya, Amitav. “Coping with the Changing World Order.” East Asia Forum Quarterly 9 (2): 3-6. http://press- files.anu.edu.au/downloads/press/n2562/pdf/book.pdf?referer=2562.
- Baviera, Aileen. 2017. “Duterte’s China Policy Shift: Strategy or Serendipity?” East Asia Forum: Economics, Politics and Public Policy In East Asia And The Pacific (Quarterly) 9 (2): 15–16. http://press- files.anu.edu.au/downloads/press/n2562/pdf/book.pdf?referer=2562.
- Morton, Katherine. 2017. “The China Factor in Global Governance.” East Asia Forum: Economics, Politics and Public Policy In East Asia And The Pacific (Quarterly) 9 (2): 17–20. http://press- files.anu.edu.au/downloads/press/n2562/pdf/book.pdf?referer=2562.
- Yi, Wang. 2017. “China: H.E. Mr. Wang Yi, Minister for Foreign Affairs.” General Assembly of the United Nations. United Nations. https://gadebate.un.org/en/72/china.