The effects of Exxon Valdez oil spill on land is seen to have a diverse impact and effect that is examined in phases to check on the extent to which it brings harm or benefit as it spills. Other government industries directly feel These effects. In this case, I use two past types of research that their information records accessed show the impacts of the oil spill that happened in 1989 based on visitor season a case study of Alaska. Secondly, executive interviews carried out among two major groups that included; tourists who felt the effect directly and the government agencies which are relevant to the tourist industry. This prospect paper is specifically used to outline how Exxon Valdez oil spill affected the tourism industry. The paper addresses issues at the state level.
Information in this paper indicates the presence of spill effects and the rate of harm as well as well witnessed by business. Information in this paper as well serves a foundation for future projects designed to explain the behaviour of consumers and therefore calculate economic results.
The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill that occurred on March 24, 1989, had both negative and positive effects on an overall ground.
Negative effects of Exxon Oil Spill of 1989
Decrease in resident as well as non-resident vacation in areas affected by the spill. Such areas include; Valdez, Cardova and Homer just to name a few. This was as a result of visitor services like accommodation and taxi.
About 43% of businesses are affected completely by the spill in 1989.
Labour shortage in visitor industry in the state as traditional workers in traditional industries demand high pay in spill clean-ups.
Businesses such as lodges, package companies and resorts did not reap benefits from the spill as they were located far away from the spill clean-up.
Loss of 19 million US Dollars on spending by visitors.
Lack of trip planning due to the unplanned spill
Major spill-related operations in clean-up areas such as Kodiak, Valdez and Homer emerged.
Lack of vacation was offset which is normally experienced in these areas.
Arguments by government agency
Overall, the government agency group sees both the residents as well as the now- residents travel to be influenced by the occurrence of the Exxon Valdez Oil spill. This spill as well destroyed the overall image attracting tourists. Such image includes; fishing adventures among others. Consequently, the overall image portrayed by Alaska is destroyed and reduced traffic. On the other hand, those who travelled unawares lack accommodation. This is an evidence brought forward by state citizens whom they are the direct people who feel the effects.
The overall visitor turns out is lowered. For instance, the visitor turnout in Kodiak Island, as well as that in the peninsula, is not much affected by the spill; it is moreover hard for it to be affected shortly as well.
Major Effects On Business Industry
This illustrates the effects of the oil spill on those businesses that run tourist operation in the state. In this regard, it is necessary to know through assessment the areas in visitor industry that experiences great impacts of the spill. About a third of businesses in this industry records significant effects of the oil spill. One in every ten businesses is completely affected by the spill. Among them are those businesses around Prince William Sound and those found in Kodiak areas respectively
In conclusion, the 1989 Exxon Valdez Oil Spill has some effects as described in this paper above. These effects are both negative which has bad outcomes in both individuals, the state and the environment while the positive effects are put to bring a smiling face on the prospect groups. The effects are examined on a timeline that marks them operational in both the Past and Present time.