My assigned page was page 100. The first paragraph and first forty words on this page are as follows:
In some northern regions, warmer climates brought about particularly marked changes, allowing the replacement of barren tundra with forests. In the process, the herd animals – upon which northern Paleolithic hunting peoples had depended for much of their food, clothing
Part One. Phonemes and the International Phonetic Alphabet
In this part of the writing task, I will translate the first twenty words of the text above into the International Phonetic Alphabet symbols. This will require the use of the resource http://ipa.typeit.org/full/. Before writing a phonetic transcription, I would like to note that phonetics is defined as the “systematic identification and description of distinctive speech sounds in a language” (Havilland, Prins, Walrath, & McBrid 179). Since the transcription will be made of phonemes, it is necessary to define a phoneme. According to Havilland et al, a phoneme should be seen as “the smallest unit of sound that makes a difference in meaning” between the words (Havilland et al 179).
The IPA transcription will cover the first twenty words of the assigned text:
In some northern regions, warmer climates brought about particularly marked changes, allowing the replacement of barren tundra with forests. In the process
Transcription by IPA:
| ɪn səm ˈnɔːðən ˈriːdʒənz | ˈwɔːmə ˈklaɪməts ˈbrɔːt əˈbaʊt pəˈtɪkjʊləli mɑːkt ˈtʃeɪndʒɪz | əˈlaʊɪŋ ðə rɪˈpleɪsmənt əv ˈbærən ˈtʌndrə wɪð ˈfɒrɪsts | ɪn ðə ˈprəʊses |
Part Two: Morphemes, Bound & Free
In order to identofy morphemes and classify them as B (bound) or F (free), I will write a definition of the morpheme. Peterson defines a morpheme as “a piece of phonological information that has a conventionalized meaning arbirraily associated with it.” (Peterson)
There are free and bound morphemes. Free morphemes are independent and are used alone, and bound morphemes are dependent and they are not used alone. They are also known as affixes.
InF someF northF/ernB regionF/sB, warmF/erB climateF/sB broughtF aboutF particularF/lyB markF/edB changeF/sB, allowF/ingB theF reB/placeF/mentB ofF barrenF tundraF withF forestF/sB. InF theF processF, theF herdF animalF/sB – upF/onF whichF northF/ernB PaleolithF/icB huntF/ingB peopleF/sB hadF dependF/edB forF muchB ofF theirF foodF, clothF/ingB
- Havilland, William, Prins, Harald, Walrath, Dana, & Bunny McBride. The Essence of Anthropology. Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.
- Peterson, David. Down with Morphemes! N.d. Web. November 14, 2014.