Technological development is known to provide human beings with multiple options aimed at optimising their performance. AI, robots, and automation have substituted for humans in many industries. Now, manual labour is replaced with machines that increase productivity and improve the quality of final products. Humans derive enormous benefit from robotization, increasing significantly the volume of output and enriching the assortment. Nonetheless, the tendency to rely on technological advancement causes high unemployment rates (Miller). Technologies substitute for people, depriving them of opportunity to perform effectively. People involved in manual labour now cannot find their place in society. This tendency stresses the necessity of both government and society to react to this problem.
The first coping strategy is associated with a basic income guarantee. It means that the problems of unemployment and underemployment can be partially addressed if people get financial support from the government. This financial support will help them feel safer and more protected. It will also give them enough opportunities and time to find their place in the society (West). They will focus on acquiring new skills that will affect positively their professional growth. For instance, if a person`s service is replaced with robots` work, minimal financial support from the government will allow them to master new skills and then pursue a new profession. It will also reduce people`s hostile attitude towards technological advancement.
The second coping strategy may imply lifelong learning programs. If the government organises courses for those who want to acquire new useful skills, people feel less frightened about their unemployment. Those individuals who are experts in more than one sphere feel more secure and confident about their future. I am convinced that it is government`s duty to solve the problems of unemployment and poverty. Learning programs and courses can also be organised by industry owners in order to provide their professionals with sustainable personal and professional growth. Robotization still requires people`s intervention into a working process. Courses and programs will be an effective mean to integrate people into robotized environment (West). For instance, those employees whose work is replaced with new technologies can be trained as controllers of those vehicles or quality assurance team.
Those industries that rely on robotization and other innovative tools should know that there are some tasks that go beyond robot`s area of expertise. If robots and humans cooperate, it will increase the effectiveness of their performance and productivity level. In some environments (especially in healthcare system), the emphasis should be put on humans. Robots should be implemented as people`s assistants. If human feels sick or tired, the robot can carry out their professional functions until a human being feels better (Kemp, Edsinger, and Torres-Jara). Wise use of technologies will never lead to high unemployment rates. We cannot fully rely on innovations as any artificial intelligence can fail, causing serious losses. Hence, if guidance for the use of innovations and human labour exist, it will affect positively working environment. People will feel safe and protected whereas technological innovations will be successfully used.
In closing, in the contemporary environment, we cannot ignore a positive impact on technological progress on productivity level and quality of final products. However, full reliance on these tools causes high unemployment rates. The government, as well as the industry owners, should pay attention to this problem since technological progress deprives many workers of personal and professional growth. It is desirable for the government to provide people with a minimal wage. This wage will give people time and opportunity to reconsider their professional development and master new skills. Second, lifelong learning programs will ensure that people have more opportunities to find their place in the innovative environment. Finally, human labour and robotization should be mixed so to allow both to perform even more effectively.