Disorders of the Reproductive Systems

609 words | 3 page(s)

Although human reproduction systems are structurally different in males and females, both serve similar functions in reproduction. In the course of their existence, physiological abnormalities might arise. Normally, the disorders which affect these organs are related to their structural development or even functional ability (People, & UDHS, 2010). Moreover, the diseases range from simple treatable conditions such as urinary tract infection to chronic cancers which are fatal if diagnosed at an advanced stage. In addition, reproductive disorders cause both physical and mental stress on patients. Notably, these disorders are stereotypically associated with sexual immorality, poor hygiene as well as poverty. As a result of the stigma, patients are usually reluctant to divulge their problems to the healthcare provider. For this reason, nurses dealing with reproductive diseases should consult with the patient in a comfortable situation. The following discourse delves on pelvic inflammatory disease and endometriosis. Notably, the two disorders affect more than two organs of the female reproductive system.

The female reproductive system is made up of ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, vagina and vulva. Generally, the disorders affect the reproductive organs and can cause infertility. Since the main purpose of the system is bearing children, females should undergo regular screening to ascertain their reproductive health. Unlike other disorders that affect specific sexual organs, the pelvic inflammatory disease and endometriosis affect more than two organs in the female reproductive system (NCHS& NCHSR, 2012).

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Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a sexually transmitted condition which affects the uterus, the fallopian tubes, ovaries and other parts of the female reproductive system. Notably, the complication is serious and can lead to infertility and irreversible damage on the sexual organs. Moreover, besides the physical trauma and pain, the patients also undergo psychological torment since it is sexually transmitted. Ideally, the lack of proper sex education among young female population has given rise to a significant number of women who are scared of seeking medical attention for STIs (Trent, Bass, Ness, & Haggerty, 2011).

Statistically, more than one million women in the country experience an episode of PID (Trent, Bass, Ness, & Haggerty, 2011). Moreover, it is a leading cause of complications in pregnancies and infertility among women. Demographically, the condition is common among women who are sexually active with multiple partners. This is because such women are at higher risks of being infected with STIs such as gonorrhea and Chlamydia which exacerbate the condition. In light of this, younger women are more predisposed to PID since they are more sexually active than older women (Trent, Bass, Ness, & Haggerty, 2011). Notably, there is a great disparity in PID prevalence with regard to race and ethnicity. According to the CDC, non-Hispanic blacks have higher prevalence rates than other racial groupings. Luckily, the gap has declined and, by 2013, the prevalence rate was almost similar for women of all races in the whole nation.

Endometriosis is a painful disorder that affects the lining of the uterus which is also known as the endometrium. Similarly, this complication also affects multiple female reproductive organs including ovaries and fallopian tubes. The prevalence of the disease is linked to factors which are related to the lifestyles of the victims. Unfortunately, the condition is also a leading cause of infertility and ectopic pregnancy in women. However, unlike PID, which is propagated by STIs, endometriosis’ actual etiology is still not well known (Kobayashi, Imanaka, Nakamura, & Tsuji, 2014). Nevertheless, reproductive experts attribute family history, retrograde, or backwards menstruation, and Metapalsia as possible factors that cause the complication. Besides, meta studies into the condition illustrate that alcohol intake, anorexia, heavy periods, giving birth at an older age and irregular periods are also some factors might contribute to the prevalence of endometriosis (Kobayashi, Imanaka, Nakamura, & Tsuji, 2014).

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